List of English Morphemes

List of English Morphemes

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Master List of Morphemes Suffixes, Prefixes, Roots Suffix -er -er

Meaning one who, that which more

*Syntax noun adjective

Exemplars teacher, clippers, toaster faster, stronger, kinder

-ly

to act in a way that is…

adverb

kindly, decently, firmly

-able -ible

capable of, or worthy of capable of, or worthy of

adjective adjective

honorable, predictable terrible, responsible, visible

-hood

condition of being

noun

childhood, statehood, falsehood

-ful

full of, having

adjective

wonderful, spiteful, dreadful

-less

without

adjective

hopeless, thoughtless, fearless

-ish

somewhat like

adjective

childish, foolish, snobbish

-ness

condition or state of

noun

happiness, peacefulness, fairness

-ic

relating to

adjective

energetic, historic, volcanic

-ist -ian -or -eer

one who one who one who one who

noun noun noun noun

pianist, balloonist, specialist librarian, historian, magician governor, editor, operator mountaineer, pioneer, commandeer, profiteer, engineer, musketeer

o-logy

study of

noun

biology, ecology, mineralogy

-ship

art or skill of, condition, rank, group of

noun

leadership, citizenship, companionship, kingship

-ous

full of, having, possessing

adjective

joyous, jealous, nervous, glorious, victorious, spacious, gracious

-ive

tending to…

adjective

active, sensitive, creative

-age

result of an action

noun

marriage, acreage, pilgrimage

-ant -ant

a condition or state a thing or a being

adjective noun

elegant, brilliant, pregnant mutant, coolant, inhalant

Page 1 Master morpheme list from Vocabulary Through Morphemes: Suffixes, Prefixes, and Roots for Grades 4-12, 2nd Edition, Ebbers, 2010 (www.sopriswest.com)

-ent

noun

student, president, nutrient

-ent

someone who, something that inclined to

adjective

different, fluent, persistent

-ment

state or act of

noun

payment, basement, improvement

-ary -ary -ary

place for, collection of relating to, condition one who

noun adjective noun

glossary, granary, library secondary, military, necessary secretary, dignitary, emissary

-ize -ise

to make to make

verb verb

hypnotize, fertilize, centralize advise, advertise, improvise

-ure

action or condition of

noun

moisture, mixture, pleasure

-ion -ation

act or condition act or condition

noun noun

action, friction, fusion, mission starvation, condensation

-ance -ence

act or condition of act or condition of

noun noun

assistance, endurance, importance persistence, excellence, confidence

-ity

state or quality of

noun

prosperity, equality, security

-al (ti)-al (si)-al

relating to relating to relating to

adjective adjective adjective

magical, comical, logical spatial, initial, essential official, social, artificial

-ate -ate

to make state or quality of

adjective

calculate, activate, participate desol